Exploring Patterns of Awareness and Use of HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men

Benjamin B. Strauss, George J. Greene, Gregory Phillips, Ramona Bhatia, Krystal Madkins, Jeffrey T. Parsons, Brian Mustanski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations


Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has shown promise as a safe and effective HIV prevention strategy, but there is limited research on awareness and use among young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Using baseline data from the “Keep It Up! 2.0” randomized control trial, we examined differences in PrEP awareness and use among racially diverse YMSM (N = 759; mean age = 24.2 years). Participants were recruited from study sites in Atlanta, Chicago, and New York City, as well as through national advertising on social media applications. While 67.5 % of participants reported awareness of PrEP, 8.7 % indicated using the medication. Awareness, but not use, varied by demographic variables. PrEP-users had twice as many condomless anal sex partners (ERR = 2.05) and more condomless anal sex acts (ERR = 1.60) than non-users. Future research should aim to improve PrEP awareness and uptake among YMSM and address condom use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1288-1298
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2017



  • Behavior
  • Homosexuality, male
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis
  • Primary health care
  • Risk reduction
  • Sexual behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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