Exploring the Ligand Preferences of the PHD1 Domain of Histone Demethylase KDM5A Reveals Tolerance for Modifications of the Q5 Residue of Histone 3

Sarah E. Anderson, James E. Longbotham, Patrick T. O'Kane, Fatima S. Ugur, Danica Galonić Fujimori, Milan Mrksich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding the ligand preferences of epigenetic reader domains enables identification of modification states of chromatin with which these domains associate and can yield insight into recruitment and catalysis of chromatin-acting complexes. However, thorough exploration of the ligand preferences of reader domains is hindered by the limitations of traditional protein-ligand binding assays. Here, we evaluate the binding preferences of the PHD1 domain of histone demethylase KDM5A using the protein interaction by SAMDI (PI-SAMDI) assay, which measures protein-ligand binding in a high-throughput and sensitive manner via binding-induced enhancement in the activity of a reporter enzyme, in combination with fluorescence polarization. The PI-SAMDI assay was validated by confirming its ability to accurately profile the relative binding affinity of a set of well-characterized histone 3 (H3) ligands of PHD1. The assay was then used to assess the affinity of PHD1 for 361 H3 mutant ligands, a select number of which were further characterized by fluorescence polarization. Together, these experiments revealed PHD1's tolerance for H3Q5 mutations, including an unexpected tolerance for aromatic residues in this position. Motivated by this finding, we further demonstrate a high-affinity interaction between PHD1 and recently identified Q5-serotonylated H3. This work yields interesting insights into permissible PHD1-H3 interactions and demonstrates the value of interfacing PI-SAMDI and fluorescence polarization in investigations of protein-ligand binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-213
Number of pages9
JournalACS chemical biology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

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