Human immunodeficiency virus antigen (HIV-Ag) was detected in the serum of most adult (13/16) and paediatric (6/6) AIDS patients and rarely in the serum of symptomless seropositive controls (1/13). It was present in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of all 5 children and most (5/9) adults with AIDS-related encephalopathy, but not in the CSF of 13 symptomless seropositive controls, of whom 8 had antibody in the CSF. A longitudinal study of 1 of the controls with antibody in the CSF showed that HIV-Ag in CSF was present transiently before the occurrence of antibody in the CSF. In serial samples of serum from 35 men who seroconverted HIV-Ag was detected in 11 persons—in 5 before seroconversion and in 6 after. 3 of the 6 who became antigenaemic after seroconversion remained so for the rest of the follow-up. AIDS was diagnosed in 1 patient, 3 months after HIV-Ag was first detected in serum and 6 months after seroconversion. The findings suggest that HIV-Ag appears early and transiently in primary HIV infection. Antibody production follows, after which HIV-Ag may disappear. Its persistence or reappearance seems to correlate with clinical, immunological, and neurological deterioration.
|State||Published - 1986|