Expression of serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase is regulated in an experience-dependent manner and can cause dendrite growth

Samuel David, Susan L. Stegenga, Peter Hu, Guoxiang Xiong, Elizabeth Kerr, Katherine B. Becker, Sumathi Venkatapathy, Janet A. Warrington, Robert G. Kalb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interaction of an animal with its environment during a critical period in early postnatal life has lifelong effects on the structure and function of sensory and motor systems. To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms of experience-dependent development, we challenged young rats to adapt to a new environment that engenders novel motor behavior. Rats born in the gravitational field (1G) of the earth subsequently were reared for 2 weeks either in the absence of gravity (microgravity) or at 1G. A comparison of gene expression using microarrays led to the identification of a panel of differentially regulated transcripts. We report here that the abundance of serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase (SGK) is increased in spinal cord tissue from animals reared in microgravity in comparison with 1G-reared controls. The induction of SGK expression also can be achieved by administration of glucocorticoids to animals at 1G or neurons in vitro. Expression of constitutively active SGK in neurons leads to the elaboration of neuronal dendrites and their branching. Glucocorticoids also lead to dendrite elaboration, and this effect can be abrogated by inhibiting SGK activity. Changes in the level of expression of SGK could be part of the mechanism for experience-dependent acquisition of mature neuronal properties. Copyrights

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7048-7053
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume25
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2005

Keywords

  • Dendrite
  • Locomotion
  • Motor neuron
  • Plasticity
  • SGK
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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