Expression of the urate transporter/channel is developmentally regulated in human kidneys

D. P. Hyink, J. Z. Rappoport, P. D. Wilson, R. G. Abramson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Recombinant protein prepared from cDNA cloned from rat kidney and its human homolog function as urate transporter/channels in lipid bilayers. Using the antibody (anti-uricase) that detected the rat cDNA clone, we now demonstrate that normal human kidneys contain an immunoreactive protein of identical size to that in rat kidney (36-37 kDa), presumably the human urate transporter/channel (hUAT). The amount of hUAT in kidney homogenates increases progressively from 13 wk of gestation to the early postnatal period. During gestation, hUAT expression is confined to the cytoplasm of proximal tubules of Stage III and/or IV nephrons. However, at 1 yr of age hUAT is primarily located subapically and within brush borders of proximal tubules. Xenopus laevis oocytes and differentiated A6 cells injected with cRNA and transfected with cDNA of hUAT, respectively, demonstrated a similar pattern: hUAT is not detected in oocytes but is abundantly expressed in cytoplasm and plasma membranes of A6 cells. These data imply that different developmental factors regulate the initiation of cytoplasmic hUAT expression and subsequent insertion into human proximal tubule brush-border membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F875-F886
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number5 50-5
StatePublished - 2001


  • Anti-uricase
  • Fetal kidneys
  • Proximal tubules
  • Xenopus laevis A6 cells
  • Xenopus laevis oocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology


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