Expression of thrombopoietin and its receptor (c-mpl) in chronic myelogenous leukemia: Correlation with disease progression and response to therapy

Kerim Kaban, Hagop Kantarjian*, Moshe Talpaz, Susan O'Brien, Jorge Cortes, Francis J. Giles, Sherry Pierce, Maher Albitar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) represents a paradigm of the stepwise increment in disease aggressiveness, resistance to therapy, and transformation. Thrombopoietin (TPO) and its receptor, c-mpl, support the proliferation of multiple types of immature hematopoietic progenitor cells, and induce clonal growth of leukemic cells. The authors investigated whether TPO or c-mpl overexpression might correlate with progression of CML, disease aggressiveness, or response to therapy. METHODS. Expression of c-mpl and TPO was measured in bone marrow samples from 208 patients with CML by Western blot analysis and solid-phase plate radioimmunoassay (used for quantification). Samples obtained from individuals without evidence of hematologic abnormalities were used as controls. RESULTS. There were no significant differences in TPO or c-mpl expression among patients in different phases of CML or between patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive and negative CML. When TPO and c-mpl levels were analyzed in relation to prognostically important host and disease characteristics in early chronic phase CML, platelet and white blood cell counts demonstrated significant differences in both TPO and c-mpl expression, but age and spleen size demonstrated significant differences in TPO expression only. Responses to interferon (INF)-α-based therapy and survival were not influenced by TPO or c-mpl levels. CONCLUSIONS. TPO or c-mpl overexpression did not correlate with different CML phases, suggesting that they were not involved in CML progression from early to advanced phase. Neither TPO nor c-mpl overexpression was particularly evident in any risk group, suggesting lack of correlation between their expression and disease aggressiveness. This was supported by the finding of similar response to IFN-α-based therapy and survival regardless of the level of TPO or c-mpl expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-576
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2000

Keywords

  • C-mpl
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • Interferon-α
  • Thromboroietin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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