Expression of TNFα by muscle fibers in biopsies from children with untreated juvenille dermatomyotosis: Association with the TNFα-308A allele

Tamara O. Fedczyna, Jennica Lutz, Lauren M. Pachman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is the most common pediatric inflammatory myopathy. In patients with JDM, the A → G polymorphism in the tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)-308 promoter region (TNFα-308A) is associated with prolonged disease course and increased production of TNFα by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (Arthritis Rheum. 43, 2368-2377, 2000). Magnetic resonance imaging directed biopsies from 21 white children with untreated JDM were evaluated for TNFα expression. Using monoclonal antibody to TNFα, fresh frozen sections were processed by the standard immunohistochemical technique. We investigated the association among the expression of TNFα by muscle fibers, disease activity, duration of untreated disease, and the TNFα-308 polymorphism. Untreated children with JDM who had the TNFα-308A allele had an increased number of TNFα stained muscle fibers than children with the TNFα-308G allele (P = 0.001). There was no association with disease activity or duration of untreated disease. We speculate that muscle fiber production of TNFα provides a microenvironment in which TNFα acts synergistically with other mediators to prolong muscle fiber damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-239
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Immunology
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Macrophages
  • Muscle biopsy
  • Muscle fibers
  • Pediatric
  • TNFα
  • TNFα-308A
  • Untreated inflammatory myopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Expression of TNFα by muscle fibers in biopsies from children with untreated juvenille dermatomyotosis: Association with the TNFα-308A allele'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this