Expression profile of tuberin and some potential tumorigenic factors in 60 patients with uterine leiomyomata

Jianjun Wei, Luis Chiriboga, Masashi Mizuguchi, Herman Yee, Khush Mittal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Human uterine leiomyomata are the most common tumors in women of reproductive age. The pathogenesis of leiomyomata remains unknown. An animal model of Eker rats with deleted tuberous sclerosis complex gene 2 (tuberin) shows increased incidence of leiomyomata. The role of tuberin in human leiomyomata is unknown. In this study, we designed a tissue microarray with tissue cores of leiomyomata and the matched myometrium from 60 hysterectomy specimens. We examined the expression of tuberin and tuberous sclerosis complex gene 1 product hamartin, proteins of the insulin-signaling pathway, steroid receptors and some of their cofactors, and human mobility group gene A2 by immunohistochemistry. We found that nearly half of the cases displayed either reduction or loss of tuberin in leiomyomata compared with matched normal myometrium. No change of hamartin was noted. Furthermore, a significant reduction of glucocorticoid receptor was found in leiomyomata with reduced tuberin. The proteins insulin like growth factor 1, insulin-like growth factor receptor β, AKT kinase, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase were upregulated. Nearly half of leiomyomata show upregulation of human mobility group gene A2, along with the steroid receptor cofactors. Our findings suggest that there are two broad groups of uterine leiomyomata. One group is associated with an alteration of tuberin and glucocorticoid receptor. The other group is associated with upregulation of human mobility group gene A2 and steroid receptor cofactors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalModern Pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2005


  • Cluster analysis
  • High-mobility group protein gene A2
  • Insulin-signaling pathway
  • Steroid hormone receptor cofactors
  • Steroid hormone receptors
  • Tissue microarray
  • Tuberous sclerosis complex proteins
  • Uterine leiomyomata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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