Extending Collaborative Care to Independent Primary Care Practices: A Chronic Care Model

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3 Scopus citations


Objective: Collaborative approaches to pediatric primary care are increasingly recognized as a way to improve access to mental health care, but certain collaborative care models are not well suited for smaller, independent pediatric practices. We describe the development of the Mood, Anxiety, ADHD Collaborative Care (MAACC) program, based on the Chronic Care Model (CCM) and a hub-and-spoke organization for collaborating with such practices. Method: MAACC’s clinical team (coordinator, psychologist, psychiatrist) trained and collaborated with 46 pediatricians in 13 independent practices. Key services included a diagnostic evaluation by the psychologist, treatment planning for both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, tailored referrals to evidence-based therapy, pediatrician access to a psychiatrist for medication consultation, and centralized measurement-based progress monitoring. Results: During the 15-month start-up period, 234 patients were referred; 149 patients received an evaluation, 83 received a new referral for therapy, and 88 received medication recommendations for combined psychotherapy and medication. Patients experienced significant improvement in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and anxiety disorder symptoms. Pediatrician attitudes and access to care substantially improved. Conclusion: MAACC demonstrates the feasibility of implementing a CCM-derived model for collaborative care with independent pediatric practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-43
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 18 2021


  • Chronic care model
  • Collaborative care
  • Pediatric primary care
  • Treatment to target

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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