Extending Role Congruity Theory of Prejudice to Men and Women With Sex-Typed Mental Illnesses

Anne M. Koenig, Alice H. Eagly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested role congruity theory, which states that prejudice arises from an incongruity between group stereotypes and role characteristics, by assessing prejudice toward men and women with a masculine or feminine mental illness. Across two studies, participants acting as a vocational counselor rated the suitability of each target individual in each role. Men and individuals with a masculine sex-typed illness were more suitable for agentic roles, whereas women and individuals with a feminine sex-typed illness were more suitable for communal roles. In addition, sex and mental illness sex-type were better predictors of prejudice than evaluations of the group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-82
Number of pages13
JournalBasic and Applied Social Psychology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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