Purpose: Craniopharyngiomas are benign tumors of the sellar or parasellar regions. They arise from the remnants of Rathke’s pouch and are considered a “developmental disease.” microRNAs are short non-coding RNAs that play a key regulatory role in the control of expression of entire gene networks. We performed an extensive analysis of miRNAs in craniopharyngiomas aiming to identify a miRNA expression signature that might aid in the prognosis of disease progression and outcome. Methods: Thirty-seven craniopharyngioma samples from twenty-three patients, ten age-matched controls from autopsy, and ten infant controls from the developing pituitary from autopsy were evaluated for the expression of 754 miRNAs using TaqMan® Low Density Arrays (TLDAs) v2.0 (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA). Results: Among the most differentially expressed miRNAs, downregulation of miR-132 appears to be a marker of aggressiveness and also plays a role in epithelial–mesenchymal transition. Conclusions: This is the first time that an extensive study of miRNA expression has been performed in craniopharyngiomas. Further research needs to be performed to investigate the potential role of miR-132 in the development and progression of craniopharyngiomas, and its value as a prognostic marker of aggressiveness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology