Eye Manifestations of Intrauterine Infections and Their Impact on Childhood Blindness

Marilyn Baird Mets*, Manpreet Singh Chhabra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intrauterine infections are important causes of childhood blindness in both developed and developing countries. Chorioretinal scars are the most characteristic eye manifestation of a congenital or prenatal infection. The various ocular manifestations of congenital infections, summarized by the mnemonic TORCH, and recent additions to the "other" category (lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and West Nile virus) are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-111
Number of pages17
JournalSurvey of ophthalmology
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Keywords

  • West Nile virus
  • congenital
  • cytomegalovirus
  • eye
  • herpes
  • lymphocytic choriomeningitis
  • rubella
  • systemic
  • toxoplasmosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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