Fabrication of a phospholipid membrane-mimetic film on the luminal surface of an ePTFE vascular graft

Sumanas W. Jordan, Keith M. Faucher, Jeffrey M. Caves, Robert P. Apkarian, Shyam S. Rele, Xue Long Sun, Stephen R. Hanson, Elliot L. Chaikof*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stabilized, membrane-mimetic film was produced on the luminal surface of an ePTFE vascular graft by in situ photopolymerization of an acrylate functonalized phospholipid using a fiber optic diffusing probe. The phospholipid monomer was synthesized, prepared as unilamellar vesicles, and fused onto close-packed octadecyl chains that were components of an amphiphilic terpolymer anchored onto the polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) by electrostatic interactions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed that gelatin impregnation of the graft followed by the subsequent biomimetic film coating filled in the fibril and node structure of the luminal surface of the ePTFE graft and was smooth. The lipid film displayed an initial advancing contact angle of 44°, which increased to 55°after being subjected to a wall shear rate of 500 s-1 for 24 h at 37°C in phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Fourier transform (FT-IR) spectroscopy was used to characterize the stages of biomimetic film assembly and confirmed the stability of the film under shear flow conditions. In vivo assessment using a baboon femoral arteriovenous shunt model demonstrated minimal platelet and fibrinogen deposition over a 1-h blood-contacting period. The results of this study confirm the versatility of a biomimetic film coating system by successfully transferring the methodology previously developed for planar substrates to the luminal surface of an ePTFE vascular graft.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3473-3481
Number of pages9
JournalBiomaterials
Volume27
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Biomimetics
  • Blood-contacting materials
  • Membrane-mimetic
  • Thrombogenicity
  • Vascular graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biophysics
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials

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