Fabrication of controllable wettability of crystalline silicon surfaces by laser surface texturing and silanization

Chengjuan Yang, Xiubing Jing*, Fujun Wang, Kornel F. Ehmann, Yanling Tian, Zihao Pu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper aims to explore the effects of laser surface texturing and chemical modifications by silanization on the wettability of silicon surfaces. To effectively prepare super-hydrophobic surfaces on silicon, a process using laser texturing with following silanization treatment is used to modify the surface. The surface wettability is evaluated by water contact angle (WCA). To ascertain the effect of laser texturing on wettability, the morphological and metallurgical modifications of the surface were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), white light confocal microscope and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It is found that the fresh laser-processed silicon surface is super-hydrophilic, which is in line with the Wenzel model. A super-hydrophobic surface with a WCA >150° was successfully obtained after silanization treatment. Silanization by a concentration of 0.72 wt% 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane with 2 h of immersion time was found to be the most effective condition for achieving super-hydrophobic silicon surfaces. The effects of acids, alkalis and salts on wettability have also been assessed. The results indicate that as-prepared silicon samples with a fluoride coating can be normally used in acid condition but not suitable for use in alkaline and salty environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number143805
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume497
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2019

Keywords

  • Acidity
  • Alkalinity
  • Laser texturing
  • Salinity
  • Silanization
  • Silicon
  • Wettability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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