## Abstract

Supply chain disruptions come with catastrophic consequences in spite of their low probability of occurrence. In this paper, we consider a facility location problem in the presence of random facility disruptions where facilities can be protected with additional investments. Whereas most existing models in the literature implicitly assume that the disruption probability estimate is perfectly accurate, we investigate the impact of misestimating the disruption probability. Using a stylized continuous location model, we show that underestimation in disruption probability results in greater increase in the expected total cost than overestimation. In addition, we show that, when planned properly, the cost of mitigating the misestimation risk is not too high. Under a more generalized setting incorporating correlated disruptions and finite capacity, we numerically show that underestimation in both disruption probability and correlation degree result in greater increase in the expected total cost compared to overestimation. We, however, find that the impact of misestimating the correlation degree is much less significant relative to that of misestimating the disruption probability. Thus, managers should focus more on accurately estimating the disruption probability than the correlation.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 239-249 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Manufacturing and Service Operations Management |

Volume | 15 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Mar 1 2013 |

## Keywords

- Continuous approximation
- Correlated disruptions
- Estimation error
- Facility network design
- Logistics and transportation
- Supply chain disruptions

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Strategy and Management
- Management Science and Operations Research