Background: Uninsured women with disabilities experience serious difficulties in accessing quality health care. Employment improves an individual's ability to access health insurance. The aim of Vocational Rehabilitation Services (VR) is to improve employment abilities for people with disabilities. Study Purpose: To examine gender differences in health insurance coverage for people who access VR and the factors that influence health insurance coverage for people with disabilities. Methods: The study analyzed VR case management data from 617,149 cases that were closed by VR in 2006 in the United States. Chi-square and t-tests were used to examine gender differences and multivariate analysis was used to assess factors that influence health insurance coverage. Principal Findings: The study found significant gender differences in access to VR employment-enhancing services and in insurance coverage. Women were more dependent on coverage from public sources. Conclusion: VR can improve health insurance coverage but is more effective with men than with women.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Maternity and Midwifery