Factors associated with remaining on initial randomized efavirenz-containing regimens

Marlene Smurzynski*, Kunling Wu, Jeffrey T. Schouten, Judith J. Lok, Ronald J. Bosch, Babafemi Taiwo, Victoria Anne Johnson, Ann C. Collier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: Efavirenz (EFV) along with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) is a recommended initial antiretroviral regimen. Understanding characteristics related to EFV success is clinically useful. Design: Data from 2220 antiretroviral-naive participants randomized to EFV and two to three NRTIs in four ACTG trials as well as a long-term cohort were analysed. Methods: Logistic regression, using inverse probability of censoring weighting to address selective-follow-up bias, was used to identify factors associated with EFV success (no treatment interruptions of >30 days, HIV RNA<200 copies/ml) 1 year post initiation and at years 2-5 if successful at year 1. Results: Pretreatment characteristics were median age 38 years, 82% male, 40% white, 10% history of IDU (HxIDU), median CD4+ T-lymphocyte 227 cells/μl and 33% HIV RNA more than 100 000 copies/ml. In a multivariable model, factors associated with year 1 EFV success were race [white odds ratio (OR) 1.5; P<0.001; Hispanic OR 1.5; P=0.003 vs. black], no pretreatment sign/symptom grade 3 or higher (OR 1.7; P=0.008) and no HxIDU (OR 1.7; P=0.001). Predictors of EFV success at years 2-5 were no HxIDU (years 2-5; ORs 1.9-2.2); self-reported complete (4 days prior to study visit) adherence during year 1 (years 2-4; ORs 1.6-1.9); fewer missed visits during year 1 (years 2, 4, 5; ORs 0.92-0.98/1% increase); HIV RNA less than 50 copies/ ml at year 1 (years 2, 3; ORs 1.9-2.2); and older age (>50 vs. ≤30 years) (years 2-4: ORs 2.3-3.7). Conclusion: Characteristics predictive of EFV success in the short-term and longer term differed except for HxIDU. Behaviours occurring during year 1 were associated with EFV success over 5 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1887-1897
Number of pages11
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jul 31 2013


  • Clinical trials
  • Cohort study
  • Efavirenz
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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