Factors related to and consequences of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in an ambulatory HIV-infected patient cohort

Maria Deloria-Knoll, Joan S Chmiel, Anne C. Moorman, Kathy C. Wood, Scott D. Holmberg, Frank Joseph Palella Jr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a confidential medication adherence questionnaire completed by 255 participants in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) between March and November 1999, 33% reported skipping antiretroviral doses within the previous 3 days. The respondents, with a median age of 41, were predominantly male (86%), white (62%), and highly educated (33% had some post-high school training but no college degree and 39% had a college degree; only 11% had less than a high school diploma). Twenty-one percent had a history of injection drug use, 12% were unemployed, and 18% had Medicaid insurance. Questions about difficulty taking antiretroviral medications or drug holidays identified an additional 16% of patients experiencing adherence problems and explained significantly more of the failure to achieve undetectable viral loads than simply querying about skipped doses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-727
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Patient Care and STDs
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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