Shari Seidman Diamond*, Valerie P. Hans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-profile jury trials have catapulted concerns about jury fairness to the center of public consciousness. The public demands - and deserves - fairness from its juries. Despite the jury's sound performance in most cases, we can do better. The groundwork for the jury's capacity for fairness is laid long before prospective jurors enter the courtroom. It is further shaped by processes that occur during jury selection, throughout the trial, and in the course of jury deliberations. Most of these influences are not immediately visible to the public. In this Article, we provide a comprehensive examination of the phases of the jury trial that are critical to achieving fair juries. We describe how problems at each stage of the jury trial can undermine performance and we propose a set of important empirically-grounded reforms that will strengthen jury selection and trial procedures, optimizing fair juries now and into the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)879-954
Number of pages76
JournalUniversity of Illinois Law Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023


  • Anti-bias instructions
  • Batson
  • challenges for cause
  • implicit biases
  • jury
  • jury instructions
  • jury selection, jury service
  • jury venire
  • peremptory challenges
  • racism
  • representativeness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'FAIR JURIES'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this