Falls among hemodialysis patients: Potential opportunities for prevention?

Nancy G. Kutner*, Rebecca Zhang, Yijian Huang, Haimanot Wasse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

BackgroundFalls among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD) have significant consequences for quality of life and functional independence, morbidity, healthcare utilization and even mortality, but studies on the etiology of falls within large HD cohorts are limited.MethodsFalls during the past 12 months were ascertained for a prevalent multi-center HD cohort (n 762) aged 20-92 years, and associations with demographic and treatment characteristics, comorbidities, cognitive function, prescribed medications, balance tests, frailty and depressive symptoms were assessed.ResultsFalls were sustained by 28.4 of participants. In multivariable-adjusted analyses, participants classified as frail were over two times more likely to report falls [odds ratio (OR): 2.39, 95 confidence interval (CI): 1.22-4.71, P 0.01], and participants with a CES-D score 18 and/or prescribed antidepressants were over 80 more likely to be fallers (OR: 1.83, 95 CI: 1.23-2.74, P 0.003) than were participants with a CES-D score <18 and no prescribed antidepressants. ConclusionsFrailty and depressed mood, factors that are potentially modifiable, are prominently associated with falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-263
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Kidney Journal
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • USRDS
  • depression
  • falls
  • frailty
  • hemodialysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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