Family function and eating behaviours among Hispanic/Latino youth: Results from the Hispanic Community Children's Health Study/Study of Latino Youth (SOL Youth)

U. Colón-Ramos*, R. Monge-Rojas, V. Smith-Castro, J. Wang, Y. I. Cheng, K. M. Perreira, L. Van Horn, D. Sotres-Alvarez, C. R. Isasi, L. C. Gallo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:To elucidate mechanisms across family function, home environment and eating behaviours within sociocultural context among Hispanic youth.Design:Two models tested via path analysis (youth fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption; empty energy consumption) using data from the Study of Latino Youth (2011-2013).Setting:Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; Bronx, NY; San Diego, CA.Participants:Youth (8-16-year-olds), n 1466.Results:Youth ate 2·4 servings of FV per d and received 27 % of total energy from empty energies. Perceiving higher acculturative stress was indirectly associated with lower FV consumption via a pathway of low family function and family support for FV (β = -0·013, P < 0·001) and via lower family closeness and family support (β = -0·004, P = 0·004). Being >12-year-olds was indirectly associated with lower FV consumption via lower family closeness and family support (β = -0·006, P < 0·001). Household food security was indirectly associated with greater FV consumption via family closeness and family support (β = 0·005, P = 0·003). In contrast, perceiving higher acculturative stress was indirectly associated with higher empty energy consumption (via family closeness and family support: β = 0·003, P = 0·028 and via low family function and low family support: β = 0·008, P = 0·05). Being older was associated with higher consumption of empty energies via family closeness (related to family support: β = 0·04, P = 0·016; parenting strategies for eating: β = 0·002, P = 0·049).Conclusions:Findings suggest pathways of influence across demographic and sociocultural context, family dynamics and home environment. The directionality of these associations needs confirmation using longitudinal data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Family closeness
  • Family function
  • Hispanic/Latino youth
  • Parenting feeding practices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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