Fast-light in a photorefractive crystal for gravitational wave detection

H. N. Yum, M. Salit*, G. S. Pati, S. Tseng, P. R. Hemmer, M. S. Shahriar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate superluminal light propagation using two frequency multiplexed pump beams to produce a gain doublet in a photorefractive crystal of Ce:BaTiO3. The two gain lines are obtained by two-wave mixing between a probe field and two individual pump fields. The angular frequencies of the pumps are symmetrically tuned from the frequency of the probe. The frequency difference between the pumps corresponds to the separation of the two gain lines; as it increases, the crystal gradually converts from normal dispersion without detuning to an anomalously dispersive medium. The time advance is measured as 0.28 sec for a pulse propagating through a medium with a 2Hz gain separation, compared to the same pulse propagating through empty space. We also demonstrate directly anomalous dispersion profile using a modified experimental configuration. Finally, we discuss how anomalous dispersion produced this way in a faster photorefractive crystal (such as SPS: Sn 2P2S6) could be employed to enhance the sensitivity-bandwidth product of a LIGO type gravitational wave detector augmented by a White Light Cavity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20448-20456
Number of pages9
JournalOptics Express
Volume16
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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