Fast rewarming after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in rats impairs histologic outcome and increases NFkκB expression in the brain

M. Lucia Gordan, Kristine Kellermann, Manfred Blobner, Georg Nollert, Berhard F. Kochs, Bettina Jungwirth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Deep hypothermia is used as a neuroprotectant during cardiac surgery utilizing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), although the ideal rewarming strategy is not known yet. Some of the neuroprotective properties of hypothermia seem to be mediated by Nuclear Factor Kappa B (NFkκB) as an important transcription factor. The current study was designed to investigate the effect of the rewarming rate on histologic outcome and cerebral NFkκB expression one day following DHCA in rats. Methods: With IRB approval, 20 rats were cannulated for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), cooled to a rectal temperatureof 15-18°C, subjected to 45min of DHCA and randomly assigned to either a slow (40 min) or a fast (20 min) rewarmingprotocol. At 24 hours post DHCA, the number of eosinophilic neurons was analyzed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and NFkκB expression immunohistochemically. The two experimental groups were compared with untreated control rats. Results: HE staining showed more eosinophilic neurons in the motor cortex following fast rewarming (60 [15-388])compared to slow rewarming (15 [10-21]) (p<0.05). Neuronal expression of NFkκB was increased in the fast rewarming group in both brain areas, the motor cortex (fast: 258 [135-393]; slow: 165 [80-212]; control: 73 [44-111]) as well as the hippocampus (fast: 243 [209-314]; slow: 202 [187-239]; control: 86 [68-108]) (p<0.05). Hyperthermic episodes were strictly avoided. Conclusions: Fast rewarming with strict avoidance of hyperthermia after DHCA in rats was accompanied by pronounced histologic damage and accentuated cerebral NFkB expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-354
Number of pages6
JournalPerfusion (United Kingdom)
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Safety Research
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fast rewarming after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in rats impairs histologic outcome and increases NFkκB expression in the brain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this