FD-TD analysis of vivaldi flared horn antennas and arrays

Eric Thiele, Allen Taflove

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


This paper summarizes a detailed computational study of Vivaldi flared horn antenna designs including single element, double element, crossed-pair subarray elements, and linear arrays using the finite-difference time-domain (FD-TD) method. FD-TD, which numerically solves Maxwell's time dependent curl equations, accounts for the complex geometrical and electrical characteristics associated with this antenna design and array implementation. Validations have been made relative to a moment method (MM) model of an electrically large linearly tapered slot antenna. Also, good correlation is shown to exist in the primary features of the antenna patterns between computed and measured data for all cases. This work has achieved a number of firsts for the FD-TD methodology. It represents the first “exact” computational model of a single quad Vivaldi slot antenna; the first “exact” computational model of a phased array of Vivaldi quad elements; and the first FD-TD model to demonstrate grating lobes for a phased array antenna of any sort. Lastly, this research represents an extensive study of the largest grid-based antenna models conducted to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)633-641
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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