FDG-PET/MRI coregistration improves detection of cortical dysplasia in patients with epilepsy

N. Salamon, J. Kung, S. J. Shaw, J. Koo, S. Koh, J. Y. Wu, J. T. Lerner, R. Sankar, W. D. Shields, J. Engel, I. Fried, H. Miyata, W. H. Yong, H. V. Vinters, G. W. Mathern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Patients with cortical dysplasia (CD) are difficult to treat because the MRI abnormality may be undetectable. This study determined whether fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/MRI coregistration enhanced the recognition of CD in epilepsy surgery patients. Methods: Patients from 2004-2007 in whom FDG-PET/MRI coregistration was a component of the presurgical evaluation were compared with patients from 2000-2003 without this technique. For the 2004-2007 cohort, neuroimaging and clinical variables were compared between patients with mild Palmini type I and severe Palmini type II CD. Results: Compared with the 2000-2003 cohort, from 2004-2007 more CD patients were detected, most had type I CD, and fewer cases required intracranial electrodes. From 2004-2007, 85% of type I CD cases had normal non-University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) MRI scans. UCLA MRI identified CD in 78% of patients, and 37% of type I CD cases had normal UCLA scans. EEG and neuroimaging findings were concordant in 52% of type I CD patients, compared with 89% of type II CD patients. FDG-PET scans were positive in 71% of CD cases, and type I CD patients had less hypometabolism compared with type II CD patients. Postoperative seizure freedom occurred in 82% of patients, without differences between type I and type II CD cases. Conclusions: Incorporating fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/MRI coregistration into the multimodality presurgical evaluation enhanced the noninvasive identification and successful surgical treatment of patients with cortical dysplasia (CD), especially for the 33% of patients with nonconcordant findings and those with normal MRI scans from mild type I CD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1594-1601
Number of pages8
JournalNeurology
Volume71
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 11 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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