Feasibility of exercise stress echocardiography for the follow-up of children with coronary involvement secondary to Kawasaki disease

Elfriede Pahl*, Rajesh Sehgal, Dale Chrystof, William H. Neches, Catherine L. Webb, Catherine E Duffy, Stanford T. Shulman, Farooq A. Chaudhry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The development of coronary aneurysms as sequelae of Kawasaki disease can result in myocardial ischemia, infarction, and sudden death. Traditionally, these patients have undergone coronary angiography and nuclear stress imaging for risk stratification and follow-up. However, angiography is invasive, and both modalities expose the patient to repeated radiation, which is an important issue in children. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of performing exercise stress echocardiography in children diagnosed with coronary abnormalities secondary to Kawasaki disease. Methods and Results: Treadmill exercise stress echocardiographic studies were performed in 28 children ages 6 to 16 years. All had acute Kawasaki disease 1 to 10 years before study, and coronary artery abnormalities were identified during previous echocardiographic imaging. Patients were exercised using a standard Bruce protocol. Transthoracic echocardiographic images, obtained in the parasternal long, short, apical two- and four-chamber views immediately before and after exercise, were digitized for review and analysis. In baseline studies before exercise, wall motion abnormalities were identified in 2 patients; these segments became normal with exercise. Two patients developed new exercise-induced wall motion abnormalities that corresponded to angiographically defined critical stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery. No patients had resting or exercise-induced ECG evidence of ischemia. There were no adverse reactions, and 26 of 28 patients had normal exercise tolerance. Conclusions: Among patients with coronary artery involvement resulting from Kawasaki disease, exercise stress echocardiography is a safe, noninvasive procedure and may identify children with myocardial ischemia that was not detected with ECG stress test alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-128
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume91
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • Kawasaki disease
  • aneurysm
  • echocardiography
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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