Feasibility of Two Different EMG-Based Pattern Recognition Control Paradigms to Control a Robot after Stroke - Case Study

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Stroke often results in chronic motor impairment of the upper-extremity yet neither traditional- nor robotics-based therapy has been able to affect this in a profound way. Supporting the weak affected shoulder against gravity improves reaching distance and minimizes abnormal co-contraction of the elbow, wrist, and fingers after stroke. However, it is necessary to assess the feasibility and efficacy of real-time controllers for this population as technology advances and a wearable shoulder device comes closer to reality. The aim of this study is to test two EMG-based controllers in this regard. A linear discriminant analysis based classifier was trained using extracted time domain and auto-regressive features from electromyographic data acquired during muscle effort required to move a load equivalent to 50 and 100% limb weight (abduction) and 150 and 200% limb weight (adduction). While rigidly connected to a custom lab-based robot, the participant was required to complete a series of lift and reach tasks under two different control paradigms: position-based control and force-based control.The participant successfully controlled the robot under both paradigms as indicated by first moving the robot arm into the proper vertical window and then reaching out as far as possible while remaining within the vertical window. This case study begins to assess the feasibility of using electromyographic data to classify the intended shoulder movement of a participant with stroke during a functional lift and reach type task. Next steps will assess how this type of support affects reaching function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages833-838
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728159072
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Event8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020 - New York City, United States
Duration: Nov 29 2020Dec 1 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics
Volume2020-November
ISSN (Print)2155-1774

Conference

Conference8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference for Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, BioRob 2020
CountryUnited States
CityNew York City
Period11/29/2012/1/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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