Features of Immunophenotypes and Characteristics of Molecular Biology and Cellular Genetics of AML Patients with CD4 and CD7 Expression

Tie Qiang Liu, Shan Huang, Bo Yao, Zhi Qing Liu, Chang Lin Yu, Jian Hui Qiao, Qi Yun Sun, Kai Xun Hu, Ya Jing Huang, Rui Zhang, Yu Fang Li, Juan Bai, Yu Jing Sun, Bing Xia Li, Dong Mei Wang, Yi Wang, Mei Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explore the features of immunophenotypes and the characteristics of molecular biology and cellular genetics of AML patients with CD7 and CD4 expression.

METHODS: The immunophenotypical markers of AML cells were detected by multiple parameter flow cytometry; the expression of WT1, MDK, ETO, PML-RaRa and BCR-ABL were detected by RT-PCR; and cellular features were analyzed by R-band in 304 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to their immunophenotypes: AML with CD7 expression (CD7 group), AML with CD4 expression(CD4 group) and AML without CD7 and CD4 expression (common AML group).

RESULTS: The expression rate and level of HLA-DR in CD7 group were higher than those in the common AML group, and the expression rate of CD33 and CD34 was higher than that in the other two groups. The expression rate and level of CD15, CD64 in the CD4 group were higher than those in the other 2 groups, and the expression rate and level of CD33 were higher than those in the common AML group. WT1 expression in the CD7 group was lower than that in the common AML group. PML-RaRa was not detected in the CD7 group. AML with co-expression of CD4 or CD7 showed more normal karyotype. (15;17) was not found in AML with CD7 expression.

CONCLUSION: AML cells with CD7 expression originate from precursor cells and are blocked in the early phase of hematological development; AML cells with CD4 expression originate from more mature stage of hematological devevelopment and with CD33, CD64 and CD15 high expression; AML cells with CD7 and CD4 expression are characterized by no-specific change of cellular genetics. According to the expression level and intesity of CD4 and CD7, and together with other specific lineage markers, the MRD in AML patients can be quantitatively detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1627-1632
Number of pages6
JournalZhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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