Federated Class-Incremental Learning

Jiahua Dong, Lixu Wang, Zhen Fang, Gan Sun*, Shichao Xu, Xiao Wang, Qi Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations


Federated learning (FL) has attracted growing attentions via data-private collaborative training on decentralized clients. However, most existing methods unrealistically assume object classes of the overall framework are fixed over time. It makes the global model suffer from significant catastrophic forgetting on old classes in real-world scenarios, where local clients often collect new classes continuously and have very limited storage memory to store old classes. Moreover, new clients with unseen new classes may participate in the FL training, further aggravating the catastrophic forgetting of global model. To address these challenges, we develop a novel Global-Local Forgetting Compensation (GLFC) model, to learn a global class-incremental model for alleviating the catastrophic forgetting from both local and global perspectives. Specifically, to address local forgetting caused by class imbalance at the local clients, we design a class-aware gradient compensation loss and a class-semantic relation distillation loss to balance the forgetting of old classes and distill consistent inter-class relations across tasks. To tackle the global forgetting brought by the non-i.i.d class imbalance across clients, we propose a proxy server that selects the best old global model to assist the local relation distillation. Moreover, a prototype gradient-based communication mechanism is developed to protect the privacy. Our model outperforms state-of-the-art methods by 4.4%15.1% in terms of average accuracy on representative benchmark datasets. The code is available at https://github.com/conditionWang/FCIL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2022 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2022
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781665469463
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2022 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Jun 19 2022Jun 24 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
ISSN (Print)1063-6919


Conference2022 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans


  • Privacy and federated learning
  • Recognition: detection
  • Transfer/low-shot/long-tail learning
  • categorization
  • retrieval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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