OBJECTIVE - The aim of this study was to determine the effects of fenofibrate (160 mg/day) on fasting and postprandial lipoproteins, oxidized fatty acids, and inflammatory mediators in subjects with hypertriglyceridemia and the metabolic syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Fifty-nine subjects with fasting hypertriglyceridemia (≥1.7 and <6.9 mmol/l) and two or more of the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to fenofibrate (160 mg/day) or placebo in a double-blind, controlled clinical trial. RESULTS - Fenofibrate treatment lowered fasting triglycerides (-46.1%, P < 0.0001) and postprandial (area under the curve) triglycerides (-45.4%, P < 0.0001) due to significant reductions in postprandial levels of large (-40.8%, P < 0.0001) and medium (-49.5%, P < 0.0001) VLDL particles. The number of fasting total LDL particles was reduced in fenofibrate-treated subjects (-19.0%, P = 0.0033) primarily due to reductions in small LDL particles (-40.3%, P < 0.0001); these treatment differences persisted postprandially. Fasting and postprandial oxidized fatty acids were reduced in fenofibrate-treated subjects compared with placebo-administered subjects (-15.3%, P = 0.0013, and 31.0%, P < 0.0001, respectively), and fenofibrate therapy lowered fasting and postprandial soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) (-10.9%, P = 0.0005, and -12.0%, P = 0.0001, respectively) as well as fasting and postprandial soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) (-14.8%, P < 0.0001, and -15.3%, P < 0.0001, respectively). Reductions in VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were correlated with reductions in fasting and postprandial large VLDL particles (P < 0.0001) as well as postprandial oxidized fatty acids (P < 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS - Triglyceride-lowering therapy with fenofibrate reduced fasting and postprandial free fatty acid oxidation and in-flammatory responses, and these antiatherosclerotic effects were most highly correlated with reductions in large VLDL particles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing