Ferroelectric Oxides with Strong Visible-Light Absorption from Charge Ordering

Jiangang He, Cesare Franchini, James M. Rondinelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The applications of transition metal oxides as photovoltaic and photocatalytic materials are mainly impeded by their poor visible light absorption, low photogenerated carrier mobility, and low valence band position, which originate from the generally large band gap (≥3 eV), narrow transition metal d states, and deep oxygen 2p states. Here, we conceive a design strategy to realize small band gap polar oxides with high carrier mobilities by combining small radii A cations with Bi3+/Bi5+ charge disproportion. We show that these cation sizes and chemical features shift the valence band edge to higher energies and therefore reduce the band gap, promoting the formation of highly dispersive Bi 6s states near the Fermi level as a byproduct. By means of advanced many-electron-based first-principles calculations, we predict a new family of thermodynamically stable/metastable polar oxides ABiO3 (A = Ca, Cd, Zn, and Mg), which adopt the Ni3TeO6-type (space group R3) structure and exhibit optical band gaps of ∼2.0 eV, as promising single phase photovoltaic and photocatalytic materials operating in the visible light spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2445-2451
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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