Density functional theory and group-theoretical methods are used to explore the origin for ferroelectricity in cation ordered LaSrMnO4 with the Ruddlesden-Popper structure. The equilibrium phase exhibits the polar Pca21 space group where small polar displacements of d4Mn3+ coexist with antiferrodistortive octahedral rotations and Jahn-Teller distortions. We find that the octahedral rotations and Jahn-Teller distortion stabilize the polar structure and induce polar displacements through high-order anharmonic interactions among the three modes, making LaSrMnO4 a hybrid-improper ferroelectric material. The rotations result from the ionic size mismatch between A cations and Mn whereas the Jahn-Teller distortions are energetically favored owing to the coupling between the local eg orbital polarization of the two nearest-neighboring Mn cations in the two-dimensional MnO2 sheets. Our results indicate that anharmonic interactions among multiple centric modes can be activated by cation ordering to induce polar displacements in layered oxides, making it a reliable approach for realizing acentric properties in artificially constructed materials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jul 2 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics