High-field susceptibility results are presented for Mössbauer measurements on iron at low temperatures in fields up to 135 kOe and magnetization measurements on iron and nickel single crystals in fields up to 148 kOe with vibrating sample magnetometers. The Mössbauer measurements give the hyperfine field Hn= Hint- (H0-H DM)+ΔH, where Hint is the hyperfine field at zero applied field, H0 is the applied field, HDM is the demagnetizing field, and ΔH is a term which would reflect a change in the magnetization at high field, i.e., ΔH/Hn=ΔM/M. The Mössbauer results at 4.2°K are equivalent to χ= 2±7×10-5 emu/cc. The magnetization experiments give χ≤4×10-5 for iron and χ≤1.1×10-5 for nickel at 4.2°K. We discuss the various contributions to the total susceptibility χ, give estimates of χd based on theoretical band calculations, and discuss various uncertainties in both the theoretical calculations and in values of the molecular field parameter which make detailed comparisons difficult. Finally, we compare with predictions based on Herring's phenomenological description of χ for ferromagnets.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy