Fertility preservation in women with cancer

Michel De Vos*, Johan Smitz, Teresa K. Woodruff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

192 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enhanced long-term survival rates of young women with cancer and advances in reproductive medicine and cryobiology have culminated in an increased interest in fertility preservation methods in girls and young women with cancer. Present data suggest that young patients with cancer should be referred for fertility preservation counselling quickly to help with their coping process. Although the clinical application of novel developments, including oocyte vitrification and oocyte maturation in vitro, has resulted in reasonable success rates in assisted reproduction programmes, experience with these techniques in the setting of fertility preservation is in its infancy. It is hoped that these and other approaches, some of which are still regarded as experimental (eg, ovarian tissue cryopreservation, pharmacological protection against gonadotoxic agents, in-vitro follicle growth, and follicle transplantation) will be optimised and become established within the next decade. Unravelling the complex mechanisms of activation and suppression of follicle growth will not only expand the care of thousands of women diagnosed with cancer, but also inform the care of millions of women confronted with reduced reproductive fitness because of ageing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1302-1310
Number of pages9
JournalThe Lancet
Volume384
Issue number9950
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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