Fertility preservation outcomes may differ by cancer diagnosis

Mary Ellen Pavone*, Jennifer Hirshfeld-Cytron, Angela K. Lawson, Kristin Smith, Ralph Kazer, Susan Klock

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Cancer survival has improved significantly and maintaining fertility is both a major concern and an important factor for the quality of life in cancer patients. Aims: To explore differences in oocyte stimulation for fertility preservation (FP) patients based on cancer diagnosis. Settings and Deign: Between 2005 and 2011, 109 patients elected to pursue FP at a single institution. Materials and Method: In vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome variables between four cancer diagnostic groups (breast, gynecologic, lymphoma/leukemia and other) and age-matched male factor or tubal factor infertility IVF control group were compared. Statistical Analysis: ANOVA and Chi-square analyses were employed to compare variables between the groups that were normally distributed. Kruskal-Wallis with subsequent Mann-Whitney U-test were used for data that were not normally distributed. Results: Women with gynecologic malignancies were significantly older than the women in the other three groups, but tended to have a better ovarian response. Women with hematologic malignancies were most likely to have been exposed to chemotherapy and had the longest stimulations with a similar number of oocytes retrieved. The age-matched IVF controls had higher peak estradiol levels, number of oocytes obtained, and fertilization rates when compared to cancer patients with or without a history of prior chemotherapy. Conclusions: Factors including age, type of cancer and chemotherapy exposure, can influence response to ovarian stimulation. Discussing these findings with patients presenting for FP may aid in setting realistic treatment expectations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • cryopreservation
  • fertility preservation
  • in vitro fertilization
  • oncofertility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine

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