Fetal anterior abdominal wall defects: prenatal imaging by magnetic resonance imaging

Teresa Victoria*, Savvas Andronikou, Diana Bowen, Pablo Laje, Dana A. Weiss, Ann M. Johnson, William H. Peranteau, Douglas A. Canning, N. Scott Adzick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Abdominal wall defects range from the mild umbilical cord hernia to the highly complex limb–body wall syndrome. The most common defects are gastroschisis and omphalocele, and the rarer ones include the exstrophy complex, pentalogy of Cantrell and limb–body wall syndrome. Although all have a common feature of viscera herniation through a defect in the anterior body wall, their imaging features and, more important, postnatal management, differ widely. Correct diagnosis of each entity is imperative in order to achieve appropriate and accurate prenatal counseling and postnatal management. In this paper, we discuss fetal abdominal wall defects and present diagnostic pearls to aid with diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-512
Number of pages14
JournalPediatric radiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Abdominal wall defect
  • Bladder
  • Cloaca
  • Exstrophy
  • Fetus
  • Limb–body wall defect
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Umbilical cord insertion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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