Fetal deficiency of Lin28 programs life-long aberrations in growth and glucose metabolism

Gen Shinoda, Ng Shyh-Chang, T. Yvanka De Soysa, Hao Zhu, Marc T. Seligson, Samar P. Shah, Nora Abo-Sido, Akiko Yabuuchi, John P. Hagan, Richard I. Gregory, John M. Asara, Lewis C. Cantley, Eric G. Moss, George Q. Daley*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Scopus citations


LIN28A/B are RNA binding proteins implicated by genetic association studies in human growth and glucose metabolism. Mice with ectopic over-expression of Lin28a have shown related phenotypes. Here, we describe the first comprehensive analysis of the physiologic consequences of Lin28a and Lin28b deficiency in knockout (KO) mice. Lin28a/b-deficiency led to dwarfism starting at different ages, and compound gene deletions showed a cumulative dosage effect on organismal growth. Conditional gene deletion at specific developmental stages revealed that fetal but neither neonatal nor adult deficiency resulted in growth defects and aberrations in glucose metabolism. Tissue- specific KO mice implicated skeletal muscle-deficiency in the abnormal programming of adult growth and metabolism. The effects of Lin28b KO could be rescued by Tsc1 haplo-insufficiency in skeletal muscles. Our data implicate fetal expression of Lin28a/b in the regulation of life-long effects on metabolism and growth, and demonstrate that fetal Lin28b acts at least in part via mTORC1 signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1563-1573
Number of pages11
JournalStem Cells
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Diabetes
  • Dwarfism
  • Glucose metabolism
  • Growth
  • Let-7
  • Lin28a
  • Lin28b
  • MTOR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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