Fetal Neurology Practice Survey: Current Practice and the Future Directions

Tomo Tarui, Charu Venkatesan, Dawn Gano, Monica E. Lemmon, Sarah B. Mulkey, Andrea C. Pardo, Lisa Emrick, Mark Scher, Sonika Agarwal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Fetal neurology is a rapidly evolving field. Consultations aim to diagnose, prognosticate, and coordinate prenatal and perinatal management along with other specialists and counsel expectant parents. Practice parameters and guidelines are limited. Methods: A 48-question online survey was administered to child neurologists. Questions targeted current care practices and perceived priorities for the field. Results: Representatives from 43 institutions in the United States responded; 83% had prenatal diagnosis centers, and the majority performed on-site neuroimaging. The earliest gestational age for fetal magnetic resonance imaging was variable. Annual consultations ranged from <20 to >100 patients. Fewer than half (n = 17.40%) were subspecialty trained. Most respondents (n = 39.91%) were interested in participating in a collaborative registry and educational initiatives. Conclusions: The survey highlights heterogeneity in clinical practice. Large multisite and multidisciplinary collaborations are essential to gather data that inform outcomes for fetuses evaluated across institutions through registries as well as creation of guidelines and educational material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric neurology
StatePublished - Aug 2023


  • Brain
  • Counseling
  • Fetal
  • Fetal MRI
  • Neurology
  • Outcomes
  • Practice
  • Prognostic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


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