FGF-23 serum levels and bone histomorphometric results in adult patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis

Florence Lima, Amr El-Husseini, Marie Claude Monier-Faugere, Valentin David, Hanna Mawad, Darryl Quarles, Hartmut H. Malluche*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is a hormone principally produced by osteocytes/osteoblasts. In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), FGF-23 levels are usually elevated and can reach up to 300 - 400 times the normal range. FGF-23 is regulated by local bone-related and systemic factors, but the relationship between circulating FGF-23 concentrations and bone remodeling and mineralization in CKD has not been well characterized. In the current study, we examined the relationship between FGF-23 levels and bone histomorphometry parameters in adult patients with renal osteodystrophy. Material and methods: 36 patients on dialysis (CKD-5D) underwent bone biopsies after tetracycline double labeling. Blood drawings were done at time of biopsy to determine serum levels of markers of bone and mineral metabolism. Results: Patients with high bone turnover had higher values of serum FGF-23 than patients with low bone turnover. FGF-23 levels correlated with activation frequency (ρ = 0.60, p < 0.01) and bone formation rate (ρ = 0.57, p < 0.01). Normal mineralization was observed in 90% of patients with FGF-23 levels above 2,000 pg/mL. Furthermore, FGF-23 correlated negatively with mineralization lag time (ρ = -0.69, p < 0.01) and osteoid maturation time (ρ = -0.46, p < 0.05) but not with osteoid thickness (ρ = 0.08, ns). Regression analysis showed that FGF-23 was the only independent predictor of mineralization lag time. FGF-23 correlated with cancellous bone volume (ρ = 0.38, p < 0.05) but did not predict it. Conclusion: Circulating FGF-23 concentrations may reflect alterations in ongoing bone formation along with active mineralization, but not exclusively in bone formation or mineralization. Abnormal mineralization lag time (> 100 days) was mainly seen in patients with FGF-23 levels less than 2,000 pg/mL, while very high levels of FGF- 23 are associated with normal mineralization lag time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Nephrology
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Bone histomorphometry
  • Bone mineralization
  • Dialysis
  • FGF-23
  • Renal osteodystrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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