Fiber humidity sensors with high sensitivity and selectivity based on interior nanofilm-coated photonic crystal fiber long-period gratings

Shijie Zheng, Yinian Zhu*, Sridhar Krishnaswamy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

A photonic crystal fiber (PCF) long-period grating (LPG) humidity sensor has been developed with high sensitivity and selectivity for nondestructive detection of moisture ingression into structures that can potentially lead to corrosion. We have proposed two types of nanofilms to be coated on the surface of air channels in the grating region by electrostatic self-assembly deposition processing. The primary nanofilm does not affect LPG properties such as resonance wavelength or transmission intensity which can impact sensing characteristics; however it increases the sensitivity by changing the refractive index of the surrounding material. The secondary nanofilm is used for selectively adsorbing analyte molecules of interest. The experimental results reveal that, compared to the conventional fiber LPGs and exterior nanofilm-coated PCF-LPG, the interior nanofilm-coated PCF-LPG humidity sensors have both the most sensitive resonance intensity change of 0.00022%/10 -3 dBm from relative humidity (RH) of 38% to 39% and average wavelength shift of 0.0007%/pm for a relative humidity variation from 22% to 29%. The proposed sensor shows excellent thermal stability as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-274
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume176
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Fiber Bragg grating gratings
  • Fiber-optic sensors
  • Long-period gratings
  • Nanostructure material and film
  • Photonic crystal fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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