Fibroids and Urinary Symptoms Study (FUSS)

Katarzyna Bochenska*, Tessa Lewitt, Erica E. Marsh, Mahati Pidaparti, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Margaret G. Mueller, Kimberly Kenton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The aims of the study were to characterize pelvic floor and urinary symptoms in women seeking treatment for uterine fibroids and to explore the association between uterine/fibroid size and pelvic floor symptoms. Methods Women seeking treatment for uterine fibroids at a single academic center were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. All participants underwent pelvic imaging and completed the Symptom Severity Subscale of the Uterine Fibroid Symptom and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (UFS-QOL) and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20). Results One hundred ninety-five women with a mean age of 41 ± 6 years and body mass index of 29 ± 7 kg/m2 were included. In this cohort, 58% identified as Black and 38% had at least 1 vaginal delivery. Women attributed pelvic pain (68%), dyspareunia (37%), and urinary incontinence (31%) to their fibroids. The mean ± SD UFS-QOL score was 48.7 ± 25.4, and 63% of participants reported being at least "somewhat bothered"by tightness/pressure in pelvic area, 60% by frequent daytime urination, and 47% by nocturia. The mean PFDI-20 score was 45.5 ± 31.9. Women reported being at least "somewhat bothered"by heaviness/dullness in the pelvis (60%), frequent urination (56%), pelvic pain or discomfort (48%), and sensation of incomplete bladder emptying (43%). The PFDI-20 and UFS-QOL scores were not correlated with uterine volume (r = 0.12, P = 0.12, and r = 0.06, P = 0.44) or fibroid size (r = 0.09, P = 0.26, and r = 0.01, P = 0.92). Conclusions Women presenting for evaluation and treatment of fibroids report high rates of pelvic floor symptoms, particularly urinary frequency and pelvic pressure. However, uterine size and fibroid size are not associated with pelvic floor symptom bother.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E481-E483
JournalFemale Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • fibroids
  • quality of life
  • urinary symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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