Fibromuscular dysplasia is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vascular disease that involves primarily medium-sized and small arteries. Fibromuscular dysplasia is characterized by medial fibrosis with or without smooth muscle cell hyperplasia and may produce luminal impingement with severe turbulence. Secondary aneurysmal deformity with or without thrombosis may also contribute to the obstruction. Fibromuscular dysplasia most commonly involves the renal and carotid arteries, with upper-extremity disease rarely reported. This case report describes a patient with digital embolization from brachial artery fibromuscular dysplasia. Angiography demonstrated significant narrowing and irregularity with a characteristic "string-of-beads" appearance of the right midbrachial artery. The abnormal segment was resected and reconstructed with a reversed saphenous vein graft. Histologic studies revealed disruption of the internal elastic lamina and disorientation of the hyperplastic medial smooth muscle cells characteristic of fibromuscular dysplasia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine