Fibronectin and complement secretion by monocytes and peritoneal macrophages in vitro from patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

C. S. Goldstein, R. E. Garrick, R. A. Polin, J. S. Gerdes, G. B. Kolski, E. G. Neilson, S. D. Douglas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the role of the opsonic glycoprotein fibronectin in the host-defense of the peritoneum in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Fibronectin concentration in peritoneal dialysate from high infection rate CAPD patients (>1.50 episodes peritonitis per year) was significantly less than from low infection rate CAPD patients (<0.55 episodes peritonitis per year). In vitro secretion of fibronectin by cultured peritoneal macrophages from patients with high infection rate was less than from low infection rate patients (P<0.05) and controls (P<0.01). In vitro secretion of the second component of complement, however, was similar in both high and low infection rate patients. Plasma fibronectin concentration and in vitro fibronectin secretion by cultured peripheral blood monocytes was not different between high infection rate patients and low infection rate patients, but was less than normals. Decreased fibronectin secretion by peritoneal macrophages is associated with a higher incidence of peritonitis among CAPD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-464
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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