Background: From 2005 to 2020, the American Board of Plastic Surgery collected data on 20 common plastic surgery operations as part of the Maintenance of Certification process. These data allow the authors to examine national trends in zygomatico-orbital fracture repair over a 15-year period. Methods: Tracer data for zygomatico-orbital fracture repair were reviewed in cohorts from 2005 to 2013 and 2014 to 2020. Results were categorized based on their presence in evidence-based medicine articles published during this period. Differences between years were assessed using the t test or chi-square test as appropriate. Results: Four hundred thirty patients were included as of March of 2020. Average age was 37 years (range, 6 to 85 years), and 76 percent were male. Operations took place on average 10 days from injury. There were significant decreases in the use of subciliary (31.9 percent versus 10.0 percent; p < 0.001), gingival buccal (84.3 percent versus 56.4 percent; p < 0.001), and lateral brow (45.2 percent versus 22.3 percent; p < 0.001) incisions, with an increase in lower lid external incisions (15.2 percent versus 30.9 percent; p < 0.001); 2.7 percent of patients had a complication requiring readmission and 4.5 percent required reoperation. The incidence of postoperative diplopia was 7.7 percent, and the infection rate was 1.7 percent. Conclusions: This article reviews the American Board of Plastic Surgery tracer data for zygomatico-orbital fracture repair. The Maintenance of Certification tracer data provide a national database with longer follow-up and more specific information than comparable databases. Analysis of these data over time enables the authors to describe practice trends and gives surgeons the opportunity to compare their outcomes to national norms.
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