The complex contact conditions on the three‐dimensional (3‐D) tooling‐workpiece interface, such as non‐penetrations, slip–stick phenomena and friction forces due to the relative motion of contacting surfaces, are of vital importance in metal forming operations. Usually, a lubricant is provided as an interface medium between the tool and the workpiece to avoid strain localization, wear and surface damage. Hence, a simple friction law such as Coulomb friction, involving only a constant friction coefficient, cannot model the contact phenomena accurately. In this research, a realistic friction model, which accounts for the tribological behaviour, and most importantly, the effect of surface roughness on the lubricated contact, is developed. This model has been implemented in a 3‐D arbitrary Lagrangian Fulerian finite element code for metal forming analysis. The applicability of the proposed model is demonstrated by the simulation of fluid‐lubricated thrust bearing and sheet metal stretch forming.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering|
|State||Published - Dec 15 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Numerical Analysis
- Applied Mathematics