Purpose: To describe a successful five-level cervical corpectomy and circumferential reconstruction in a patient with a plexiform neurofibroma causing a severe kyphotic deformity. Methods: Case report. Results: 43-year-old man with history of Neurofibromatosis presented with signs and symptoms of myelopathy with spastic lower extremities and gait difficulties. Imaging studies demonstrated a severe kyphotic deformity of the cervical spine with associated cord compression secondary to an anteriorly positioned plexiform neurofibroma. Two-stage surgical procedure was designed to treat this lesion. Stage I consisted of tracheostomy placement, transmandibular, circumglossal approach to the anterior cervical spine, C2–C6 corpectomies, and C1–C7 reconstruction with a custom titanium cage/plate. Stage II consisted of suboccipital craniectomy, C1–C2 laminectomies, and occipital-cervical thoracic instrumented fusion (O-T8). There were no operative complications, but the patient did develop a small pulmonary embolism post-operatively treated with anticoagulation. Patient required two-weeks of inpatient rehabilitation following surgery. Gastrostomy tube and tracheostomy were successfully discontinued with preserved swallowing and respiratory function. Patient-reported outcome measurements revealed significant and sustained improvement post-operatively. Conclusions: Five-level cervical corpectomy including C2 can be safely and successfully performed via a transmandibular, circumglossal approach. Circumferential reconstruction utilizing a custom anterior titanium cage and plate system manufactured from a pre-operative CT scan was utilized in this case. Long segment occipital-cervical-thoracic reconstruction is recommended in such a case. Using such a technique, improvement in myelopathy, correction of deformity, and improved quality of life can be achieved.
- Cervical deformity
- Transmandibular, circumglossal approach
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine