Flame Propagation and Extinction in Spatially-Periodic Longitudinal Velocity Fields

H. G. Pearlman, S. H. Sohrab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Propagation of one-dimensional “laminar” flame in combustible mixtures with spatially-periodic longitudinal velocity oscillations is investigated within the thermo-diffusive flame model using the large activation energy asymptotic technique. The ratio of the flame propagation velocity in the periodically disturbed versus undisturbed fields X is examined as a function of the amplitude parameter Γ for the complete range of wavelength parameter y (0, oo). It is found that for infinitely long wave lengths y→0 the dimensionless flame velocity X decreases monotonically with Γ from unity towards zero without any extinction. For intermediate wavelengths X first increases to a maximum value above unity and then decreases with Γ and eventually at a critical value Γ > ΓΓbecomes less than unity as it continues to decrease towards zero. Therefore, for a given wavelength a critical amplitude of velocity oscillation is identified that results in a maximum burning velocity for the combustible mixture. In the limit of exceedingly short wavelengths y→ oo the dimensionless velocity X is double valued function of Γ resulting in fast and slow burning flames. Also, a maximum critical value of amplitude ΓΓis predicted above which the flame will extinguish. Since planar flames do not experience any stretch by either flow divergence or curvature, the extinction is attributed to voluminal stretch introduced by Buckmaster. The predictions are found to be consistent with the prior experimental observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion science and technology
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


  • Flame extinction
  • flame propagation in periodic flows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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