Flexible and Stretchable 3ω Sensors for Thermal Characterization of Human Skin

Limei Tian, Yuhang Li, Richard Chad Webb, Siddharth Krishnan, Zuguang Bian, Jizhou Song, Xin Ning, Kaitlyn Crawford, Jonas Kurniawan, Andrew Bonifas, Jun Ma, Yuhao Liu, Xu Xie, Jin Chen, Yuting Liu, Zhan Shi, Tianqi Wu, Rui Ning, Daizhen Li, Sanjiv Sinha & 3 others David G. Cahill, Yonggang Huang, John A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Characterization of the thermal properties of the surface and subsurface structures of the skin can reveal the degree of hydration, the rate of blood flow in near-surface micro- and macrovasculature, and other important physiological information of relevance to dermatological and overall health status. Here, a soft, stretchable thermal sensor, based on the so-called three omega (i.e., 3ω) method, is introduced for accurate characterization of the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of materials systems, such as the skin, which can be challenging to measure using established techniques. Experiments on skin at different body locations and under different physical states demonstrate the possibilities. Systematic studies establish the underlying principles of operation in these unusual systems, thereby allowing rational design and use, through combined investigations based on analytical modeling, experimental measurements, and finite element analysis. The findings create broad opportunities for 3ω methods in biology, with utility ranging from the integration with surgical tools or implantable devices to noninvasive uses in clinical diagnostics and therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1701282
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume27
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 12 2017

Fingerprint

Skin
sensors
Sensors
thermal diffusivity
blood flow
biology
health
hydration
thermal conductivity
thermodynamic properties
Thermal diffusivity
Hydration
Thermal conductivity
Blood
Thermodynamic properties
Health
Finite element method
Hot Temperature
Experiments

Keywords

  • 3ω sensors
  • alternating current
  • epidermal electronics
  • thermal characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Tian, Limei ; Li, Yuhang ; Webb, Richard Chad ; Krishnan, Siddharth ; Bian, Zuguang ; Song, Jizhou ; Ning, Xin ; Crawford, Kaitlyn ; Kurniawan, Jonas ; Bonifas, Andrew ; Ma, Jun ; Liu, Yuhao ; Xie, Xu ; Chen, Jin ; Liu, Yuting ; Shi, Zhan ; Wu, Tianqi ; Ning, Rui ; Li, Daizhen ; Sinha, Sanjiv ; Cahill, David G. ; Huang, Yonggang ; Rogers, John A. / Flexible and Stretchable 3ω Sensors for Thermal Characterization of Human Skin. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 26.
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title = "Flexible and Stretchable 3ω Sensors for Thermal Characterization of Human Skin",
abstract = "Characterization of the thermal properties of the surface and subsurface structures of the skin can reveal the degree of hydration, the rate of blood flow in near-surface micro- and macrovasculature, and other important physiological information of relevance to dermatological and overall health status. Here, a soft, stretchable thermal sensor, based on the so-called three omega (i.e., 3ω) method, is introduced for accurate characterization of the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of materials systems, such as the skin, which can be challenging to measure using established techniques. Experiments on skin at different body locations and under different physical states demonstrate the possibilities. Systematic studies establish the underlying principles of operation in these unusual systems, thereby allowing rational design and use, through combined investigations based on analytical modeling, experimental measurements, and finite element analysis. The findings create broad opportunities for 3ω methods in biology, with utility ranging from the integration with surgical tools or implantable devices to noninvasive uses in clinical diagnostics and therapeutics.",
keywords = "3ω sensors, alternating current, epidermal electronics, thermal characterization",
author = "Limei Tian and Yuhang Li and Webb, {Richard Chad} and Siddharth Krishnan and Zuguang Bian and Jizhou Song and Xin Ning and Kaitlyn Crawford and Jonas Kurniawan and Andrew Bonifas and Jun Ma and Yuhao Liu and Xu Xie and Jin Chen and Yuting Liu and Zhan Shi and Tianqi Wu and Rui Ning and Daizhen Li and Sanjiv Sinha and Cahill, {David G.} and Yonggang Huang and Rogers, {John A.}",
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Tian, L, Li, Y, Webb, RC, Krishnan, S, Bian, Z, Song, J, Ning, X, Crawford, K, Kurniawan, J, Bonifas, A, Ma, J, Liu, Y, Xie, X, Chen, J, Liu, Y, Shi, Z, Wu, T, Ning, R, Li, D, Sinha, S, Cahill, DG, Huang, Y & Rogers, JA 2017, 'Flexible and Stretchable 3ω Sensors for Thermal Characterization of Human Skin', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 27, no. 26, 1701282. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201701282

Flexible and Stretchable 3ω Sensors for Thermal Characterization of Human Skin. / Tian, Limei; Li, Yuhang; Webb, Richard Chad; Krishnan, Siddharth; Bian, Zuguang; Song, Jizhou; Ning, Xin; Crawford, Kaitlyn; Kurniawan, Jonas; Bonifas, Andrew; Ma, Jun; Liu, Yuhao; Xie, Xu; Chen, Jin; Liu, Yuting; Shi, Zhan; Wu, Tianqi; Ning, Rui; Li, Daizhen; Sinha, Sanjiv; Cahill, David G.; Huang, Yonggang; Rogers, John A.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 27, No. 26, 1701282, 12.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Flexible and Stretchable 3ω Sensors for Thermal Characterization of Human Skin

AU - Tian, Limei

AU - Li, Yuhang

AU - Webb, Richard Chad

AU - Krishnan, Siddharth

AU - Bian, Zuguang

AU - Song, Jizhou

AU - Ning, Xin

AU - Crawford, Kaitlyn

AU - Kurniawan, Jonas

AU - Bonifas, Andrew

AU - Ma, Jun

AU - Liu, Yuhao

AU - Xie, Xu

AU - Chen, Jin

AU - Liu, Yuting

AU - Shi, Zhan

AU - Wu, Tianqi

AU - Ning, Rui

AU - Li, Daizhen

AU - Sinha, Sanjiv

AU - Cahill, David G.

AU - Huang, Yonggang

AU - Rogers, John A.

PY - 2017/7/12

Y1 - 2017/7/12

N2 - Characterization of the thermal properties of the surface and subsurface structures of the skin can reveal the degree of hydration, the rate of blood flow in near-surface micro- and macrovasculature, and other important physiological information of relevance to dermatological and overall health status. Here, a soft, stretchable thermal sensor, based on the so-called three omega (i.e., 3ω) method, is introduced for accurate characterization of the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of materials systems, such as the skin, which can be challenging to measure using established techniques. Experiments on skin at different body locations and under different physical states demonstrate the possibilities. Systematic studies establish the underlying principles of operation in these unusual systems, thereby allowing rational design and use, through combined investigations based on analytical modeling, experimental measurements, and finite element analysis. The findings create broad opportunities for 3ω methods in biology, with utility ranging from the integration with surgical tools or implantable devices to noninvasive uses in clinical diagnostics and therapeutics.

AB - Characterization of the thermal properties of the surface and subsurface structures of the skin can reveal the degree of hydration, the rate of blood flow in near-surface micro- and macrovasculature, and other important physiological information of relevance to dermatological and overall health status. Here, a soft, stretchable thermal sensor, based on the so-called three omega (i.e., 3ω) method, is introduced for accurate characterization of the thermal conductivity and diffusivity of materials systems, such as the skin, which can be challenging to measure using established techniques. Experiments on skin at different body locations and under different physical states demonstrate the possibilities. Systematic studies establish the underlying principles of operation in these unusual systems, thereby allowing rational design and use, through combined investigations based on analytical modeling, experimental measurements, and finite element analysis. The findings create broad opportunities for 3ω methods in biology, with utility ranging from the integration with surgical tools or implantable devices to noninvasive uses in clinical diagnostics and therapeutics.

KW - 3ω sensors

KW - alternating current

KW - epidermal electronics

KW - thermal characterization

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U2 - 10.1002/adfm.201701282

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M3 - Article

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