Flotillin and AP2A1/2 Promote IGF-1 Receptor Association with Clathrin and Internalization in Primary Human Keratinocytes

Duncan Hieu M. Dam, Sophia A. Jelsma, Jeong Min Yu, Haoming Liu, Betty Kong, Amy S. Paller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


IGF-1 receptor (IGF1R) signaling promotes keratinocyte proliferation, migration, and survival. However, the mechanism of IGF1R endocytosis in normal keratinocytes remains unclear. Confocal, super resolution structured illumination microscopy, total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy, and coimmunoprecipitation studies reveal that IGF1R associates with flotillin-1 (Flot-1), which currently has no known role in normal receptor tyrosine kinase endocytosis, under basal conditions in monolayer keratinocyte cultures. Ligand stimulation of IGF1R promotes its clathrin-dependent endocytosis, mediated by two distinct adaptors, Flot-1 in noncaveolar lipid rafts and the AP2A1/2 complex in clathrin vesicles. Concurrent, but not individual, short hairpin RNA knockdown of FLOT1/2 and AP2A1/2 reduced IGF1R association with clathrin, internalization, and pathway activation by more than 50% (of phosphorylated IGF1R, phosphorylated protein kinase B, and phosphorylated MAPK kinase), suggesting the complementarity of these two adaptor-specific pathways. The Flot-1 pathway is more responsive to low IGF-1 concentrations, whereas the AP2A1/2 pathway predominates at higher IGF-1 concentrations. Selective association of IGF1R–Flot-1–clathrin with Rab4, but IGF1R–AP2A1/2–clathrin with Rab11, implicates Flot-1 as the adaptor for faster recycling and AP2A1/2 as the adaptor for slower IGF1R recycling. These dual pathways, particularly flotillin-dependent, clathrin-mediated endocytosis, provide a new avenue for drug targeting in disorders with aberrant regulation of IGF1R signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1743-1752.e4
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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