Flow Cytometric Analysis of Lymphocyte Subsets of Mice Maintained on an Ethanol‐Containing Liquid Diet

Linda Hsiung, Joseph Wang, Carl Waltenbaugh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alcoholic patients often have impaired immune function, yet little is known about the precise mechanism(s) of this impairment. We have previously shown that ethanol consumption by mice alters copolymer‐specific humoral and cellular immune responses. In this study, we asked whether alcohol consumption by mice would phenotypically alter lymphocyte populations. Female C57BL/6 mice were fed a nutritionally complete liquid diet containing 35% ethanol‐derived calories for up to 8 days. As controls, mice either were fed a liquid control diet that isocalorically substitutes sucrose for ethanol or remained on a standard solid diet and water ad libitum. Although mice fed ethanol‐containing liquid or pair‐fed control liquid diets have decreased numbers of spleen cells compared with solid diet controls, only the ethanol‐containing diet allowed normally nonresponder C57BL/6 spleen cells to make antibody responses to the poly(Glu50Tyr50) synthetic copolymer antigen. Flow cytometric analysis of splenic lymphocyte populations of mice on the ethanol‐containing diet shows an increase in the relative proportion of T‐lymphocytes as compared with mice on either solid or liquid control diets. No such change is seen for either B‐cell or natural killer cell populations in these same mice. Both liquid control and liquid ethanol diets caused a slight decrease in the CD4:CD8 ratios of splenic T‐lymphocytes. We see the relative percentage of T‐cells bearing the αβ‐cell receptor (TcR) increases in the spleens of liquid ethanol diet mice; a smaller increase TcRαβ usage is seen in the spleens of liquid control mice, compared with solid diet mice. Flow cytometric analysis shows that little, if any, difference exists in TcRγδ expression between the liquid ethanol and either the liquid control or solid diet groups. Preliminary analysis of TcRαβ subsets suggest that ethanol increases the percentage of T‐cells expressing Vβ5 and Vβ8, and decreases the percentage of Vβ11 expressing cells. These findings suggest that, in addition to modifying the immune response, ethanol alters the phenotypic expression of lymphocyte subsets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

Keywords

  • Alcohol Ingestion
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Lymphocyte Subsets
  • Mouse Model
  • Synthetic Copolymer Antigens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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